On April 20, in the Muzeon park, the opening of the Cities festival took place, during which the winners of the Microdom competition presented their realized projects.
As it was said at the opening, over the 15 years of its existence, the festival has unfolded at many different venues, but in Moscow it is being held for the first time. And this is, of course, a tangible step forward, since the participants do not work in the field or in the forest, but inside the urban space, and therefore their work should actively interact with the city.
This year, the key theme has been living on a micro scale; As always, the construction was preceded by a competition for the best project of a "micro-house" with an area of 5 to 15 sq. m, as a result of which the jury selected 21 ideas for implementation.
Over the course of several months, a variety of tiny houses were built all over the country: wooden, metal, egg-shaped and rocket-shaped, playing on the capabilities of modern technologies and, conversely, turning to the traditions of the past. Now they all gathered in the Muzeon park and, lining up along the wooden promenade, formed something like a small town with miniature cafes, hotels, educational centers, a library, a cinema and just residential buildings. Finding yourself in such a town, you involuntarily feel like a Gulliver. However, despite the modest size, all the houses built turned out to be quite suitable for active use. They are planned to be actively exploited in the summer. And on the opening day of the festival, an excursion took place and the authors of the projects talked about what and for what their micro-houses were built. We bring to your attention a story about the exhibits of the festival - from the words of the participants. So:
"Microhouse where it rains." ProPolis Team
We built this pavilion for the Dozhd TV company. It turned out, probably, the largest of the micro-houses. In shape, it is a simple box, one face of which seems to be pressed inward, which is why its bright pink core is exposed. This edge, conveniently located in the depths of the shaded and protected from precipitation space, serves as a screen onto which the image is projected - a direct and presumably round-the-clock broadcast of the Dozhd TV company. In addition, the pavilion is supposed to be used as a television studio, as well as a space for various events and master classes. During the construction, we used the cheapest materials in which we see a special charm - plywood and lining.
"Under rain". Regina Mirzoyants and Valeria Pesterova
By means of architecture, we wanted to create a rain effect. The task of the competition was to create a full-fledged space for life, work and creativity within the framework of a mini-budget. Taking this into account, we tried to achieve maximum expressiveness of the volume by simple means: by imposing the slats on the facade on top of each other at an angle of 60 degrees - like a quote from the symbols of the Dozhd TV channel. Pink slats also refer to the logo of the TV company. Passing by, you can see how the facade is constantly changing, it seems to be moving - as if it is really pouring rain continuously. This effect is enhanced when viewed from the inside.
d-2000. Maxim Tsybin, Anastasia Anisina (St. Petersburg)
We made a house out of reinforced concrete pipe rings. Inside, for comfort, everything is sheathed with wood. On one side there is a round window made of durable glass, on the other a heavy wooden door with a large lock, making the house vandal resistant. When we finished building it, went inside and lay down on the multi-colored pillows, it was only then that we realized how comfortable this form was for relaxing - we didn’t want to leave there.
Then you can do anything with such a house, it is suitable for a wide variety of uses, it can be painted in a bright color, set up around a kindergarten, adapted for children's games. By the way, the children have already fallen in love with him, and the adults, as one, dream of taking them to their dacha.
"Nameplate". Petr Malinovsky, Ekaterina Belyaeva
The name of the project speaks for itself. A nameplate is a small piece of metal or wood. We have a wooden nameplate, and the whole house is sheathed with it. The internal space of the house is transformable. There are two fold-down panels that are used as work tables and as berths. We also made a reclining podium. If you raise it, then the house will become very spacious - at least dance. In general, this house includes everything you need for life - a small kitchen, a mezzanine, a wardrobe, a bathroom, storage systems. We didn’t have time to install the windows before the opening, but it is planned that the openings will be glazed and, like the internal shelves, will be folded back - only outward at an angle of 90 degrees.
Microhotel "Krona". Denis Dementyev
The image of the crown of the tree is created using aged planks, located under a slight natural slope, like branches. The micro-hotel assembled from dark planks reminds of traditional northern housing construction - somewhere in the Vologda or Arkhangelsk regions. This house can be used as a hotel. The area of the house is about 14 sq. m. It provides a public area, a kitchenette, a bathroom, a mezzanine with sleeping places and a large terrace.
Also, a light control system has been developed like in a smart home, there is a home theater. In addition, the building can be developed and completed with various modules, terraces, sheds; can grow in height.
Coupe. Anna Lukonskaya, Natalia Nikolaeva
Anna Lukonskaya, Natalia Nikolaeva:
We chose the image of a train compartment as the basis of the concept, primarily because it can comfortably accommodate from two to ten people. On a tiny area of 6.5 sq. m we tried to place the dining area, bedroom and storage space. In addition, the idea of the compartment is connected with the place where our micro-house was built - right opposite the monument to Dzerzhinsky, the head of the Ministry of Railways and Communications. Such houses can be in demand in tourist towns, coastal areas, recreation areas. They function perfectly, they are very warm, cozy and eco-friendly houses.
Microstudio. Nikita Asadov, Elizaveta Fonskaya
It is a model of a new type of space for working in a public place. Here you can hold master classes and workshops, the rest of the time it is a park pavilion-gazebo with a library. We plan that the pavilion will be actively used during the summer. At the moment he is already working on weekends in the format of a children's studio. In the evenings, the glazing of the main façade will turn into a screen for film screenings. Inside, there is a place not only for work, but also for rest. Shelves with handles also serve as ladders for climbing to the mezzanine, where sleeping places are organized.
Patch XXS. Micro coffee shop. Andrey Asadov
Here is the first long-awaited exemplary prototype of organic settlements called "Patch". We have been hatching this idea for several years and, finally, the first brainchild was born on a micro-scale. The house was made in cooperation with the Pino company, which has already implemented several projects in the park. The company made the construction of the coffee shop. The wooden tiles covering the facades and roof of the house were removed from Totan Kuzembaev's obsolete object and provided to us free of charge. It is a unique material, aged in natural conditions.
But the main thing is that we managed to immediately fill our coffee shop with life: with hot coffee, live music and visitors. The idea of the project "Patchwork" is precisely the formation of a living environment, the concentration of life. This is a pilot project, but in general our workshop is developing a number of such organic settlements near Moscow and in other regions of the country.
Microshowroom. Yunaya. Bureau
Apart from architecture, our bureau deals with lighting. Therefore, we have created a light showroom designed for various light installations. During the summer, light experiments will be performed here, demonstrating the possibilities of modern lighting technology. At the moment we are discussing with the management of Muzeon the possibility of a large installation on May 18th.
In shape, it is a rather simple object, made up of standard-sized sheets of polycarbonate - you didn't even have to saw anything. The house is very easy to assemble, disassemble and transport. An observation deck is organized upstairs, where you can climb the internal stairs.
"Egg in a cube". Team "Hiteka" (Ufa)
Our microhome is made in the shape of an egg. This is probably the smallest house of the festival. In an upright position, its area is only 3.6 square meters. m, however, due to the fact that all internal surfaces can be equally exploited, the total area of the house becomes already equal to 16 sq. m. In an upright position, this is an office for one or two people. If you turn the egg over, then the study turns into a living room, another rotation transforms the space into a bedroom. The entrance to the microhouse is a round window. This shape allows you to conveniently open and close it in any position of the "egg".
"Micro-tea bump". Team "Beavers"
The micro-tea cone is a tea pavilion, inside which we tried to create the most comfortable atmosphere conducive to relaxing and drinking tea. The fundamental principle is the contrast between the external appearance and the internal one. If the outside of the house turned out to be alive, natural and very similar to a real bump, then inside a more modern interior was created in black and white.
The general style of our projects was set at the last City Festival, where we first organized ourselves into a team and built the floating Bobr-Bath. Even then, we decided that our architecture, gravitating towards natural lines, should be the opposite of wooden modernist architecture with its clear proportions.
Microloft. AB Ivan Ovchinnikov
Our house was completely assembled on the "Archfarm", and then it was transported to the park and put on the supports built in advance here. The lower platform, which serves as an additional terrace, was forced to appear, since foundations cannot be made in the park. The main module, raised on supports to a height of about five meters above the ground, includes a living room and an open, cantilevered terrace. The total area of the house is about 10 sq. m. The main material is glued wood, painted in a dark color. This is a very pleasant and beautiful material, which is not inferior in strength to metal. Solar panels are installed at the top, thanks to which the house is completely autonomous. There is enough energy for lighting and for the use of all the necessary electrical appliances.
Raketa Hostel. TPO "Lesosplav" (St. Petersburg)
The hostel in the form of a white rocket is sheathed with iron bars, and inside we used wood and glass for comfort. There is a glass lantern at the top of the "rocket" so that you can lie and look at the sky. A good view opens up from above. The glass shelves, which are used as berths, are lifted from the bottom to the top. Basically, it is a multi-level bed for five people. Here the arithmetic is simple: there are also five people in the Lesosplav bureau and we are all non-local, we have nowhere to sleep. Therefore, we have built ourselves a warm and beautiful home in which to live.
"Kinotochka". Vladimir and Ekaterina Yuzbashevs
Kinotochka is a park cinema that allows you to watch movies both outside and inside. Here you can arrange screenings for a large audience, or you can get together in a small company and watch a movie, sitting on the sofa inside the pavilion. The idea of creating a "movie point" arose due to the fact that a modern man today cannot imagine his life without electronic devices. We decided that the park should also have its own electronic device with a screen and made something like a big TV. Now, walking around Muzeon, you can connect your tablets, laptops or phones here to get a big screen, for example, for a presentation. Also, here you can simply go online or get information.
Microplanetarium. Team "Club of amateurs" (Novosibirsk)
Outside, the planetarium volume is highlighted in such a way as to display a map of the earth. It turns out something like a globe, but in the form of a cube. A starry sky was created inside the planetarium. During the day, sunlight, and at night, the light of the bulbs hidden behind the polycarbonate casing penetrates through special small holes. These holes are stars and form the constellations and the Milky Way inside the microplanetarium. Light bulbs here do not only serve as a lighting function. The total power of all simultaneously switched on bulbs is 2 kW and in winter this is enough to heat the whole house.
Educational center "In-Out". Vlad Kunin, Oleg Volkov, Maria Pavlenko, Lyudmila Malkis, Oleg Raspopov, Elena Kobzar
Vlad Kunin and Oleg Raspopov:
We represent the educational center "In-Out", where In is work in a group, and Out is individual, independent work. Actually, our project is based on this principle of building the educational process, the entire space of which is built in accordance with the laws of In and Out. The path to knowledge is quite complex and multi-stage. The facade of our center reminds of this. It is made in the form of a bookshelf, and the entrance is arranged inside the shelf, symbolizing a person's path to knowledge. We're going to be running a variety of architecture and educational courses in the pavilion on urban environments and architectural practices.
Let us remind you that the final results of the competition will be announced within the framework of the ArchMoscow architectural biennale. At the same time, the name of one winner will be announced from among the authors of the implemented projects.