project for the territory of the plant "Filikrovlya"
see more about the site and the competition
SPEECH architects made the main subject of their competition project panoramas - first of all, the Moscow River. Two high-rise volumes of residential buildings, unlike the other three competitive projects, are located closer to the river and the center of the territory - away from the boundaries of the protected areas, which, as we remember, are here
enough. The plan of the northern building, stretched along the railway and the future backup of Kutuzovsky Prospekt, is L-shaped, with a long "leg" stretched out to the river and its stepped volume with terraces on the roofs opens up views of the river for end penthouses.
There are 13 floors in the lower part facing the river, and 22 in the far upper part. The second house stretches along the river and rises from 24 to 30 floors from north to south. Thus, both hulls form a stepped-plate composition, which from the side of the river and the City looks as rarefied as possible with such volumes. It is a bit like a volumetric Tetris - where can modern architecture get away from comparison with this old game - the figures develop "from left to right, top to bottom", leaving no doubt that their form is inscribed in many restrictions, but at the same time is not devoid of internal logic and stereometric grace.
The juxtaposition of plate houses at right angles makes the project palpably modernist, especially when viewed from a distance.
Three transverse volumes grow from the plate of the second, southern body, so that the plan, if we continue the alphabetical analogies, looks like the letter Ш with sticks facing the river. This also helps to reveal the views, since the river is long, and although the side facades of the transverse volumes look at it at an angle, they fully feel both the freedom and the vastness of the landscape.
The windows of the extended part of the northern building are subordinated to the same logic of looking at the river “along the oblique”. To improve the view characteristics, the architects used a lot of triangular bay windows - the side walls of the L-shaped building are actually dotted with them, so that the outline of the plan seems to be part of some kind of graphics, a sketch, where the feather line suddenly went in a zigzag. Especially because the bay windows are not strictly triangular: they are turned at an angle, on the southern wall towards the river, on the north of the river - towards Fili, where the outline of the famous church is visible. In addition, bay windows are of different scales and subject to different rhythms, which is why there is a feeling of a somewhat nervous, pointed drawn contour.
The lines of the southern building are calmer, here an extended plate is given to the triangular bay windows, and in the transverse volumes, large inserts - "televisions" of tape proportions, uniting two floors and enclosed in flat respectable frames, play an important role. On the north transverse plate, they are slightly turned, sharpening the corners and again giving the plan a sophisticated graphic. In the other two volumes, it is a little larger and simpler: here the ledges and ledges alternate, mostly "hugging" the corners - again, in order to open the views on two sides and let in more light.
The facades of the three upper floors of the penthouses are mostly glass, especially at the ends, and not only the one that faces the river. The transverse plates of the southern building grow higher than the longitudinal ones, and "look" through solid stained-glass windows in all directions. All roofs are planned to be operated, with pergola roofs protecting from rain and sun.
The facade grid also leans towards variability within the framework of an easily readable commonality of techniques. On the one hand, all sections are different: a little shade, a little pattern, imitating "different hands". On the other hand, all these “hands” definitely play the same melody: the color does not go beyond the range of light beige bricks, the atypical ornamental layout of which is formed into strict “braids” and fractional “waves”. The light tone of the brick, together with the shine of the glass, add up to a very restrained range, consonant with the bluish-sandy palette of river waves.
Underground parking lots use a relief - from west to east, to the river, it reaches 8 meters here, so two tiers were arranged under the part of the northern building. The lower tier of the parking lot unites both houses.
The important for our time function of public spaces in the project is given to two pedestrian boulevards. One, oriented across the river, stretches along the northern building. The second one is along the river: the embankment is densely lined with stone, closer to the houses a certain amount of organized greenery appears, which is echoed by similar vegetation in the two courtyards of the southern building. These public areas are designed quite regularly and are inspired, like the brick facades, by the historical centers of European cities, although the surroundings, obviously, here are more industrial than pastoral-historical - which is built only by the neighborhood of an open metro line, a railway and a future overpass. So the best of the parallels proposed by the authors of the project seems to be the view of the Manhattan Bridge, but the perspectives of the towers correlate well with the silhouette of the Moscow City, which is an obligatory part of the environment here. This place is part of a large, skyscraper city, and the urban landscape turns out to be quite tough and large-scale; no matter how much we want to live on the banks of a very quiet river, Moscow is a completely different city.
The southwestern part of the territory, where a metro line runs along the lower contour, and the edge of the corner is cut off by power lines, is given to a kindergarten and a school, and sets off the orthogonal drawing of houses with the "geological" plastic of bends inscribed in the relief lines.
They are echoed by the equally lively contours of the landscaping, framing the open school stadium and several sports and playgrounds located in places with the best insolation. Cutting out the glass facades with thin slats reveals the southwestern facades to the sun, and the green roofs make the school and garden buildings look like elements of some fantastic underground mechanism that grew out of the earth. What adds to this - in contrast to the residential, rather picturesque part of the project, an element of the game that is not superfluous here.