Sports complex "Millennium" bears the name of a nearby cottage village, but compositionally does not apply to it. This is an independent, even somewhat eccentric object, which rather itself sets the stylistic point of reference for the future community center - a school and other socially significant buildings are planned to be built nearby. The ambitiousness of the capital, surrounded by pastoral landscapes, is justified by the fact that the main visitors will be residents of cottages in New Riga, in fact, city dwellers. The epithets club, exclusive are quite appropriate here - the authors themselves, describing the project, resort to the image of a yacht. At the same time, we can safely say that this is a suburban building: this is indicated by the composition spread out in the landscape, and the choice of "eco-friendly" materials for decoration.
The plot for construction is devoid of any significant restrictions and the architects were presented with complete freedom of expression. But this is at first glance. If you think about the task set by the customer - and in this project he is very scrupulous - it becomes clear that the search for a composition was very difficult. On a plot of 1.78 hectares, it was necessary to combine an indoor fitness club with a total area of 10 661 m2 with an extensive outdoor sports program and ample parking. Considering the flat nature of the building itself and its considerable spot, the architects had to sort out several options before competently "separating" the territory.
"From this initial idea, one volume has grown, cutting the space of the site into a large, frontal south-western part with active landscaping, alpine slides, workout and children's sports grounds, and into a smaller, northeastern part with parking and a utility yard," explains head of the team of authors Vsevolod Medvedev.
The metaphor of section cutting was transformed by architects into a specific shape - a sharp "nose" or "breakwater" near the building: a single monovolume in the form of a beveled parallelepiped with rounded corners has a sharp edge - a "breakwater", creating a stable image of something floating in space. Under the "breakwater" is the entrance for those who arrived at the club on foot or by bike. Above it, on the second floor, there is a restaurant with an open terrace.
This "nose" has a deconstructivist acuteness, but at the same time, as if remembering that there is pastoral around, the authors softened it with wood-like cladding. Wood, or rather its imitation, grounds this futuristic gesture, makes it “eco-friendly” and suburban, and further enhances the similarity with the image of a yacht. The wooden console - the support of the entrance canopy - literally "melts" into the ground, and we physically feel the "landing" of the building on the site. The border of space inside and outside is erased: this is a very friendly building, the first floor is open around the entire perimeter with solid glazing with neat, gently sloping staircases and a ramp inviting you to enter.
While the corner with the restaurant hangs on a console, the façade on the other side thickens and turns into a dense cladding of light triangular modular panels on the upper floors. The 40 degree panel angle has been moved from the floor plan, where it is the main bevel angle of the volume. And the decorative triangular elements on the façade themselves acquire a powerful dynamic movement thanks to the design reminiscent of a sports emblem. The stained-glass window "breaks" through the skin, the wall "crumbles" like falling out pixels. The effect of a light glass volume is preserved, only covered in some places by a weightless shell. The image is enhanced by the sweeping and glazing of the first floor. The material of this cladding at this stage has not been determined, but as Vsevolod Medvedev says, “we did not strive for obvious complexity, rather the opposite: whether it will be composite panels or fiber-reinforced concrete, everything is realizable”.
From the side of the outdoor pool with an outdoor beach area, the facade becomes completely permeable, which is understandable: the architects intuitively wanted to open the building outward, to connect it with the surrounding space. So, the reception is open terraces - the decks of an ocean liner, on which sun loungers, sun awnings and food court tables are placed.
The facades make it possible to read the internal layout of the volume, it developed in a similar way as the composition of the site: to the south-west, in the sun, with views of the actively landscaped sports park, all the pools, aquathermal zone and gyms are open. In the northeast, there is a lobby that welcomes visitors arriving by private vehicle. In the center of the plan, in the role of "bone", are the main dressing rooms. The central entrance axis is an extended double-height atrium, in the zone of which the main communication and recreation centers are located.
The sports complex has a standard set of functions - an aquathermal zone with saunas, various sports and gyms, beauty salons, beauty parlors, cafes and recreation rooms. Rather, the customer's approach is non-standard, planning to make the best sports and recreation complex in the Moscow region with the maximum indicators of ergonomics and comfort. According to Vsevolod Medvedev, it was the customer who did an impressive job of studying competitors and compiled a large list of the advantages and disadvantages of all such facilities in the region down to the smallest detail. “It turned out to be a thick notebook full of notes and personal impressions of membership and repeated visits to the best places at the moment on this topic. These notes include a wide variety of details, from floor space and logistics to locker sizes in changing rooms and aisle spacings. For each of our new options, the customer, it happened that overnight, presented his own, rather detailed and worked out! The layouts were born by joint efforts and were promptly corrected many times, taking into account a lot of preferences and specific details."
The principal, but at the same time, risky part of the project was the unification of the "wet zones" of the complex and their integration into the landscape park. The planning of the pools provides for a swim from the closed part to the street part. It would seem that there is nothing more natural than creating an atmosphere of a beach in nature and a semblance of a recreation area by the water, in addition to indoor pools. But in reality it turned out to be difficult to implement.
Vsevolod Medvedev: “Our sanitary standards do not provide for this quite obvious technique, which can often be seen in foreign practice. They perceive the public pool as a sealed aquarium, the arguments are strong: an open window will immediately affect the composition of the water, it will need to be changed more often, more prepared. The same story with food - let's say, only phytobar, juices, water and that's it, otherwise all food will float in the pool, create unsanitary conditions. When safety is the main argument, it is very difficult to argue with it. Especially now, when one virus has burst in so shamelessly and is changing our everyday life…. However, all these foot baths, which supposedly cannot be crossed, are in fact closed with wooden bars or shields in operation, like many other measures that in practice are simply bypassed and require rethinking. Security is not equal to discomfort, there is still a lot of optimization work in this area …”.
1/5 General plan. Multifunctional sports center Millennium sport © ARS - ST, Fourth Dimension
2/5 Plan of the 1st floor. Multifunctional sports center Millennium sport © ARS - ST, Fourth Dimension
3/5 Plan of the 2nd floor. Multifunctional sports center Millennium sport © ARS - ST, Fourth Dimension
4/5 Plan of the 3rd floor. Multifunctional sports center Millennium sport © ARS - ST, Fourth Dimension
5/5 Plan of the underground level. Multifunctional sports center Millennium sport © ARS - ST, Fourth Dimension
For the Moscow region, Millennium is a striking project, it sets qualitatively new standards for sports and recreational spaces, combines the high demands for leisure of the capital's residents and “rural”, environmentally friendly architecture, which is gently integrated into the landscape. The compact and uncomplicated solution of the complex is actually very rational, the routes of the vacationers are calculated to the smallest detail. A comfortable entrance is provided for everyone - both those who arrive by car and enter the transparent inviting lobby, and those who come on foot or come by bike, leaving their two-wheeled vehicle under the breakwater-visor. The composition of the building also provides the best views: they open through huge stained-glass windows, from walking terraces, a restaurant, and an open sports park. Even the water intake with a fenced fifteen-meter zone in the western part of the site is disguised as a greened hill so as not to spoil the picture, pleasant to the eyes of vacationers.