Humanism And Transport Hub

Humanism And Transport Hub
Humanism And Transport Hub

Video: Humanism And Transport Hub

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Simulation Model of Cherkizovo Transport Hub (railway/subway), Moscow, Russia 2023, February
Anonim

The location next to the Ulitsa Podbelskogo metro station, for which the project is intended, according to the city's development plan, should become a transport hub connecting Moscow and the Moscow region. Coming to the city, people will be able to leave their cars here at the “intercepting” parking lot, and go further by metro to avoid traffic jams. In addition to the final metro station, a circular railway passes nearby, which is planned to be made into intracity transport - then a new platform will appear here. Parallel to the railway, along line 6 of the Podbelsky passage, a 4th transport ring will be built - there will be a multi-level interchange at the intersection.

The complex will occupy a spacious area between the exit from the metro and the railway and highway. From the side of the future there are 4 rings, so that it is convenient to drive up, offices and a hotel are being built next to them, the "high-rise" part of the project. The 40-storey tower, appropriate on the scale of a modern highway, “fixes” the corner of the intersection, claiming to be the new dominant of the area. The hotel plate fences off the rest of the ring route complex, perhaps slightly shielding it from noise. The second part of the complex, in contrast to the skyscraper, is spread over most of the territory, stretching towards the metro, as if the "tower" and "plate" cast long shadows in the evening, materializing in the form of 2-3 floors. Or in the form of a "horizontal skyscraper" - it is very reminiscent of the elongated left body.

The architecture is emphatically laconic: these are correct prisms of different proportions and sizes. No bevels, bends, turns or bends. The facades are entirely glazed, the planes of the roofs are left for the "stone" surface, as if in order to reveal the fundamentally different nature of the shiny, coldish "vertical" and the dense reliable "horizontal". Windows disappear as a concept, the wall also, in fact, there is no roof in the usual philistine sense, but there are abstract elements or concepts. This sequence adds to the pragmatic part of the project some abstraction and idealism, "the breath of the absolute", and all together from the outside seems to be the result of some kind of geological experiments.

The complex is decidedly multifunctional - in addition to offices and a hotel in the "high" part, the "wide" one contains shops, multiplex cinema halls, fitness, restaurants of two categories (fast food and more expensive), and even an agricultural market in another extended building. Under the entire territory there are fully or partially closed parking spaces intended both for shop visitors, hotel residents and office workers, and for the daily “interception” of cars traveling from the Moscow region. In order to separate the streams of pedestrians and cars at different levels, the architects, as well as in another project of Lyzlov's workshop, the Perovskiy shopping center, used the relief drop and closed the entire site with a basement, raising the square above the street. Cars enter the lower tiers along the ramp under the skyscraper, people enter the upper tiers, mostly from the metro side; all tiers are connected by lifts, and moving walkways are conceived in order to move faster inside.

The project has one more remarkable point - the multifunctional "giant" includes a pedestrian road along which people walk from the metro to the railway crossing, i.e. to the place where the new platform is planned. Now this "folk path" diagonally crosses the entire area, partly occupied by the industrial zone, partly by trade. Architects keep this "folk path", tying a new complex to it, more precisely, tying its volumes around.Such a technique: first to see where people walk, and then to lay paths there (or to build up "ant paths" with a multifunctional complex) - is well known in the architecture of the 20th century, but in our architecture, alas, it is not very popular yet. You can even say that there are yes types of urban development - one imposes mathematically calculated principles on people, while people resist or endure, while the other studies what people need and creates a comfortable atmosphere for them. It is easy to see that the second is both more correct and more profitable, and it seems that in this case we are dealing with just such a humane version of an urban planning solution.

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