A Universal Support System For Facades Of Any Complexity

A Universal Support System For Facades Of Any Complexity
A Universal Support System For Facades Of Any Complexity

Video: A Universal Support System For Facades Of Any Complexity

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
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The Church of the Resurrection of Christ in the PATRIOT park of the Odintsovo district is the main temple of the armed forces of the Russian Federation and, at the same time, the temple-monument to the Great Patriotic War is a large-scale and complex structure. Its height with a cross is almost 100 m, it is almost like a 30-storey building, and the quadrifolium of the war memory museum, which surrounds the cathedral on three sides, is about 500 m. The temple is almost completely, inside and outside, covered with ornaments and figurative reliefs. The sculptures are made in bronze, some of the interior decorations are also metal. But the largest, the main part of the cladding and wall decor, both of the temple and the museum, is made of glass fiber concrete panels.

The temple was erected in the shortest possible time. The construction period of the entire temple is one and a half years, and the cladding was made and installed in eight months (!).

The company "OrtOst-Facade" was responsible for the production and installation of all busy cladding of the temple, in particular, for the facing of the main and four snare drums, stylobate part, choirs, apse and three tiers of the belfry. Glass-fiber-reinforced concrete parts were made according to the traditional technology by the method of spraying; molds for complex elements were made for more than sixty machine tools with CNC, and for installation the engineers of the company had to come up with and design a new carrier subsystem.

The company's specialists were faced with a unique and challenging task. In addition to the complex geometry of parts associated with ornamental elements, in addition to high wind pressure, a special problem was the large (up to 3.5 m!) Offsets of the cladding from the supporting structure (monolithic concrete with insulation). This means that the structure had to rely on significant loads.

To accurately mate a complex cladding configuration, it was necessary to flexibly adapt the subsystem and level any deviations in the geometry of the supporting base without altering the supporting brackets.

The task was also complicated by the limited installation space due to the complex configuration of the church, interfacing with other structures, for example, translucent vaulted lanterns and stained-glass windows, and engineering systems. All the traditional fastening systems that were used in this area before were not suitable for solving such problems.

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    1/6 The main temple of the RF Armed Forces Photo © Archi.ru

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    2/6 The main temple of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation © provided by "ORTOST-FASAD"

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    3/6 The main temple of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation © provided by "ORTOST-FASAD"

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    4/6 The main temple of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation © provided by "ORTOST-FASAD"

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    5/6 The main temple of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation © provided by "ORTOST-FASAD"

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    6/6 The main temple of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation © provided by "ORTOST-FASAD"

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    1/8 The main temple of the RF Armed Forces © provided by "ORTOST-FASAD"

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    2/8 The main temple of the RF Armed Forces © provided by "ORTOST-FASAD"

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    3/8 The main temple of the RF Armed Forces © provided by "ORTOST-FASAD"

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    4/8 The main temple of the RF Armed Forces © provided by "ORTOST-FASAD"

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    5/8 The main temple of the RF Armed Forces © provided by "ORTOST-FASAD"

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    6/8 The main temple of the RF Armed Forces © provided by "ORTOST-FASAD"

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    7/8 The main temple of the RF Armed Forces © provided by "ORTOST-FASAD"

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    8/8 The main temple of the RF Armed Forces © provided by "ORTOST-FASAD"

To complete the entire range of tasks, the specialists of "OrtOst-Facade" carried out an analysis of existing solutions in this area… The use of standard brackets and standard assembly wiring diagrams, which is common on the facade market, has a number of significant disadvantages. The possibilities of adapting such subsystems to the complex architectural plastics of the facade are limited. Also, the use of individual welded brackets was not suitable for solving the existing problems.Such structures with the existing overhangs would be too overall and heavy. Mounting them in a limited installation space would be impossible. And the need to level various deviations would lead to significant adjustments of the brackets on the scaffolding, which would affect the timing of the installation work.

As a result, OrtOst-Facad specialists have actually created a new type of carrier subsystem. The ideology of its design is based on the rejection of standard brackets, which allows you to achieve the maximum range of applications with minimum metal consumption. The main characteristics of the subsystem are durability and reliability. The configuration of the power elements of the subsystem is performed in the form of through-section brackets and is formed based on the geometry of the facade. The geometry of the bearing brackets fits into the geometry of the facade elements as much as possible, which makes it possible to use brackets with the most developed section.

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    1/4 The main temple of the RF Armed Forces © provided by "ORTOST-FASAD"

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    2/4 The main temple of the RF Armed Forces. Main drum design © provided by "ORTOST-FASAD"

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    3/4 The main temple of the RF Armed Forces © provided by "ORTOST-FASAD"

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    4/4 The main temple of the RF Armed Forces © provided by "ORTOST-FASAD"

Research Center TsNIISK them. V.A. Kucherenko tested the system for strength, according to their results, a corresponding technical conclusion was obtained. At the National Research Technological University "MISiS", studies of corrosion resistance and durability were carried out, which showed that the elements of the subsystem were protected against corrosion for a period of at least 50 years. Also, the testing laboratory of NRU MGSU carried out fire hazard tests for a sample of a hinged facade system with a frame made of corrosive steel profiles and facing with fiber-glass concrete panels. The test results showed that the structure belongs to the KO fire hazard class, which made it possible not to install additional fire cutoffs.

With maximum reliability, the new subsystem is at the same time as economical as possible. This is achieved due to the fact that the wide possibilities in the design of brackets allow you to choose the degree of concentration of the material that is required in a specific place. For example, the section is maximally developed on the supports, near the load-bearing wall, where the maximum bending moment is present, and gradually decreases towards the peripheral part of the structure.

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    1/5 The main temple of the RF Armed Forces © provided by "ORTOST-FASAD"

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    2/5 The main temple of the RF Armed Forces © provided by "ORTOST-FASAD"

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    3/5 The main temple of the RF Armed Forces. Belfry corner elements. (vertical section) © provided by "ORTOST-FASAD"

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    4/5 The main temple of the RF Armed Forces © provided by "ORTOST-FASAD"

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    5/5 The main temple of the RF Armed Forces. Belfry corner elements. (horizontal section) © provided by "ORTOST-FASAD"

Another very important, from the point of view of architects, the quality of the new subsystem is its high adaptability. The placement of engineering communications on the facade is sometimes carried out without taking into account the location of the supporting structures and sometimes requires reworking the working documentation. The ability to adjust the location of the brackets in place by 10-15 cm avoids these problems. As a result, the installation is fast and technologically advanced.

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Chief Project Engineer Maxim Pavlov: “An important advantage of the developed subsystem in comparison with other solutions is the possibility of its adjustment after the installation of the supporting brackets. To install the elements in the design position, especially in the presence of docking with other elements along the entire perimeter, it is important to adjust the position of the part during installation. The lack of adjustment in practice almost always leads to the need for numerous adjustments to already installed structures and slows down the installation. The design of the developed support system takes this into account and provides for the possibility of adjustment in all directions through the use of threaded rods and oval holes.In the subsystem, the principle of individual configuration of brackets is combined with a high degree of unification and factory readiness. This is achieved by forming all brackets from one assortment of component elements, which are pre-fabricated on high-performance technological lines, which allows you to start installation almost immediately and, as a result, gives a significant gain in installation time. The assembly of the elements of the supporting subsystem is carried out according to the developed standard assemblies, in which various options for their coupling and adaptation are provided. This allows you to quickly and efficiently perform the installation of the system. "For a detailed interview with Maxim Pavlov about the prospects for using the system, see here.

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    1/3 The main temple of the RF Armed Forces © provided by "ORTOST-FASAD"

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    2/3 The main temple of the RF Armed Forces. Crowning cornice of Stylobate. Interfacing with lantern ribs and eastern trays © provided by "ORTOST-FASAD"

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    3/3 The main temple of the RF Armed Forces. © provided by "ORTOST-FASAD"

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